Balinese farming system, Subak feared could become extinct, if the depreciation rate of agricultural land continues to happen. This was stated by Steve Lansing, researcher of anthropologist ecology in Annual Ecosystem Services Partnership (ESP) sixth Conference in Bali, which is still going on until Saturday (31/8/2013).
“Landscape and cultural traditions known as subak is very popular, so the farmers had to sell their farms to developers, and makes extensive production decreased 1,000 hectares of land every year,” Lansing said.
Birth of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD ) agency in Indonesia is a matter of time. Assistant of Indonesia President for Climate Change, Agus Purnomo, Friday ( 08/30/2013 ) state that the agency will be the continuation of the REDD Task Force, which ended some time ago.
“The REDD task force is over, now just waiting for the birth of REDD Agency,” Agus said on the sidelines of the National Meeting of Society of Indonesian Environmental Journalists (SIEJ ), in Jakarta.
A recent study issued by Indonesia Environment Forum (Walhi), Thursday (29/08/2013) indicates the level of community participation shockingly low, associated with decision-making in the field of mining.
“Even in the zoning process mining, the community is in a position only the lowest participation rate, that is manipulation,” said Asep Yunan Firdaus, principal scientist in that report.
Indonesia is known as a mega diversity country. Wealth of flora and fauna in it, is very diverse and numerous. Proven to palm plant species, are the first in the world. With 477 species, 225 endemic and native in Indonesia .
Palm tree, are widely grown in Southeast Asia. Because of the tropical climate and the type of lowland forest, meet in many of the area. Unification of several Southeast Asian countries called Melanesiana. It including Indonesia, Malaysia , Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Philippines, East Timor and Papua Nugini. So naturally when plants therein, such as palm, is almost the same average .
There are more than 1800 species of alien flora and fauna, have entered Indonesia. Several unidentified species existence . This was stated by Deputy Environmental Degradation Control and Climate Change Ministry of Environment of Indonesia, Arif Yuwono, Wednesday ( 28/08/2013 ) .
“Alien invasive can cause significant economic impact, such as the costs to be incurred to conduct prevention, control, and loss of production,” said Arif.
High deforestation rate, making the location of orangutans living increasingly gone. Distribution also narrowed orangutans live. Higher conflict with humans, and foster new behaviors often start walking.
“Orangutans are in trouble now, because their habitat disappears. They need a living tree, but a lot of natural forests converted into oil palm plantations, “said Niel Makinuddin, from The Nature Conservancy (TNC), Thursday (22/8/2013).
Most banks in Indonesia indicated excessive disburse funds, for the business that is not environmentally friendly, such as palm oil. While the impact of social conflict and environmental damage, lack of a parameter such disbursement.
“Banks still provide the main criteria for granting credit based solely on the prospects of the industry, regardless of whether the company could lead to social conflict or high environmental impact,” explained Mouna Wasef from Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW), Wednesday (21/08/2013).