The Ailing of Flora Melanesiana

Indonesia is known as a mega diversity country. Wealth of flora and fauna in it, is very diverse and numerous. Proven to palm plant species, are the first in the world. With 477 species, 225 endemic and native in Indonesia .

Palm tree, are widely grown in Southeast Asia. Because of the tropical climate and the type of lowland forest, meet in many of the area. Unification of several Southeast Asian countries called Melanesiana. It including Indonesia, Malaysia , Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Philippines, East Timor and Papua Nugini. So naturally when plants therein, such as palm, is almost the same average .

Unfortunately the data of Melanesiana flora, until now there has not been considered. Concerns arise over the condition, because the flora of the Malesiana region experiencing  feared, or even extinct before they could well documented.

“Its presence in nature tend to continue to be threatened or even closer to extinction, ” said Dedy Darnaedi, from the Center for Research of Biology in Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Monday (26/08/2013).

Though flora found in the Melanesian region vary widely, even some plants have a high economic value, such as teak, meranti, orchids, cane, sandalwood, and various tropical fruits.

Indonesia has allegedly even half of the 350 species of dipterocarp trees, which is of high value.  Jatna Supriatna, said in his book of Preserving Nature in Indonesia states Dipterocarpacae Indonesia is one of the world’s largest family flora. Most of the species are only found in Southeast Asia. There is only one kind in South America, approximately 40 species in West Africa, and 470 other species spread from the Seychelles to Irian region. While in Borneo, there are at least 267 dipterocarp species, of which 155 of them are endemic species native to Indonesia.

One of the main species of endangered flora, may Eusideroxylon zwageri type of wood. Its known as ironwood or ulin. According to Jatna, because of logging activity, now only 3,500 square kilometers (km2) of ironwood forest. That number means that only about 30 per cent, of the original amount before.

“To address these issues, to exchange information and research results by researchers and observers Malesiana flora of the region needs to be done,” said Dedy.

For this purpose, LIPI, then held the International Symposium Flora Malesiana. The symposium with the theme of Flora Malesiana Contributions to the Welfare of People in Asia.

“The event is meant to explore the results of research on the flora Malesiana at once reveal the flora contribution to uplift the welfare of the people of Indonesia, Asia, and even the world,” he explained.

Head of LIPI, Lukman Hakim said Indonesian researchers emphasized the importance of increasing the role of Flora Malesiana active in research, because most of the region is Malesiana is Indonesia.

Additionally, Lukman explained that the idea of ​​research programs Flora Malesiana blaze in 1948 ‘s by a senior researcher Prof. Van Steenis, who was getting strong support from Prof. Kusnoto Setyodiwiryo, the first Indonesian head of the Botanical Gardens. Indonesia with Malesiana region is rich in biodiversity of the region, but also the threat of extinction due to high economic growth based on the exploitation of natural resources .

“We’re racing to get to know, documented and utilize biodiversity Indonesia before eroded out,” said Lukman.

Malesiana flora is a plant that grows in the region Malesiana that have the same characteristics. The word “Malesiana” means a geographic area limits plant distribution area includes the region: Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Philippines, East Timor and Papua Nugini. These areas are united as a biogeographic region have a similar specific plant diversity .


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