There are more than 1800 species of alien flora and fauna, have entered Indonesia. Several unidentified species existence . This was stated by Deputy Environmental Degradation Control and Climate Change Ministry of Environment of Indonesia, Arif Yuwono, Wednesday ( 28/08/2013 ) .
“Alien invasive can cause significant economic impact, such as the costs to be incurred to conduct prevention, control, and loss of production,” said Arif.
Like for example the invasion of golden snail (Golden Apple Snail/Pomacea canaliculata), in the Philippines. Caused losses of nearly US$ 1 billion, to control costs and loss of rice production.
For Indonesia, the experience of being attacked foreign species is not new. The example is the water hyacinth, which brought in just as interested in the beauty of the flowers. This species has become a nuisance or a pest in many areas.
On the other hand, some argue it is not all of Invasive Alien Species (IAS), harming habitat in Indonesia. Because IAS is a species introduced either intentionally or unintentionally outside their natural habitat .
“An example is the guava and dragon fruit are potential to help the economy,” said Soekisman Tjitrosemito from Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), on different occasions .
He suggested a classification of the types of IAS. Now there are at least three categories of IAS, which is not yet available in Indonesia and have banned its existence, existing IAS in Indonesia and should be controlled, then the local species that are invasive .
“Species that could benefit if the problem is not conserved, just do not get out into nature,” he explained .
The Indonesian government itself as the party, which has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity (The Convention on Biological Diversity/CBD ). Then through Law no. 5 In 1994, Indonesia has an obligation to address the issues associated with the introduction of alien species.
In article 8 (h) of the CBD requires each state party to undertake culling, surveillance and impact of invasive alien species based on the laws and guidelines at the national, regional and internasional. Under regulation of CBD COP 11 in Hyderabad – India agreed, that the parties are required to address the threat of IAS, and to build the capacity to achieve the Aichi Targets Target 9 with a focus on developing and improving the capacity of quarantine officers and authorities to identify potential IAS, assess risks and take steps to manage and minimize these risks, as well as the control and eradication IAS priority.